Botulinum toxin type A, widely known as Botox or botulinum is a protein naturally sourced from the Clostridium Botulinum bacterium grown in specific laboratory conditions.
This neurotoxin is mainly used in anti-wrinkle therapy. Its mechanism of action involves the relaxation of specific muscles, which initiates the inhibition of action potential in the neuromuscular junction by preventing the release of the neurotransmitter – acetylcholine from the axon of a motor nerve into the myofiber.
Although the duration of action of the drug approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration differs on a case-by-case basis, it is recommended to repeat the procedure after about 12 weeks.
- Forehead lines
- Frown lines
- Crow’s feet
- Eyebrow lift
- Lower eyelid wrinkles – baby botox
- Bunny lines
- Gummy smile
- Smoker’s lines
- Corner lip lift
- Wrinkly chin
- Hypertrophy of masseter muscle (bruxizsm)
- Platysma bands
- Hyperhidrosis (armpits, hands, feet, labia majora & groins) – baby botox
- <18 years old
- Hypersensitivity to any subunit of a drug including human albumin
- Skin infection or/and inflammation of a particular area
- Particular nervous system diseases